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DancerNinja When I was single I was told my hobbies, judo and weightlifting, were perhaps too masculine to help me find a mate. I told this guy I considered my hobbies to be a 18 year old escort thornton filter" and that he didn't pass.

I compete in weightlifting and strongman now, so yes, I'm a bigger girl, too. That's classic. Donna Wilt Thank you for inviting such an articulate narrative of women's issues from a woman.

Sophia touches on many important topics- including respect for a woman's autonomy that includes how she trains and presents herself. My hope is more women, fearful of outdated myths, read this, hear her message, give the world the middle finger, and do that makes them healthy, happy, strong and free from what others may think!

You and Sophia just gained a loyal follower. TonyGentilcore Thanks for the kind words Donna!

Strong Man VS Muscle Woman in Ab Wrestling

Patrick Johnson My beef is with the women who come to the gym and spend hours on cardio and never touch a weight. Anybody man or woman who has ever strength trained knows how hard it is to build muscle. Too many women are scared of getting too bulky.

A woman will take far longer to put on muscle than men unless of course they use drugs.

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Women need to strength train if for no other reason than to help prevent the bone breaks, hunched backs, etc of old age.

Thank you for putting women's training in a political framework. I was doing farmer's walks near a woman who was "training" with her trainer.

Does she ever pick up or grandchild? Does she carry a bag of groceries from the car to the kitchen?

Pick up a bag of dog Nude girl websites in australia or kitty litter? All these things weigh more than five pounds!

Now I'm Manhattan sexy models I didn't say anything because that would be imposing my values maximal strength onto her. TonyGentilcore Agree. Best to bite your tongue in a situation like that.

While I have all the confidence in the world that your intentions would be, um, well-intentioned. It would probably come across the wrong way. She doesn't know any better. The trainer on the other hand is an epic failure. Christine Horsewomen like me have to haul around pound bags of feed and bales of hay not to mention handle half-ton animals.

The itty-bitty weights are only useful when recovering from an injury. JLynn Smith Exactly what I told a golf buddy I started training that refused the 10lb dumbbells - Her PURSE weighs way more than that and if she wants her legs to "look like yours" mine she's going to have to lift ificantly more than 10's Dana Fredsti Love this article.

I started lifting about a year ago and it changed my relationship with my body in such a positive way. THat, and the fact he really was in danger of being bench-pressed. TonyGentilcore This is fantastic Dana! I've trained numerous women your age and they have fallen in love with training and getting stronger.

Most can do strict bodyweight chin-ups, can deadlift their bodyweight an upwards of 1. And they all love it. Elle Great article I am wondering if you have thoughts for teens.

I know what works for me as an adult but am not sure for teens? Any help is super appreciated. Sophia Tripp Hi Elle, I wanted to chime in again since you're talking about your teenage daughter.

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The single best thing you can do is NOT talk to her about her body, unless she has explicitly asked for your input.

I know it sounds harsh, but saying from experience, there is nothing more hurtful than having your parents comment on your body.

I know you are coming from a well-meaning place, but refrain from saying anything about her body. Instead, emphasize how well her recovery from surgery is going in terms of mobility, appetite, grades, mental health Elle Hi Sophia Thanks for your response.

I am asking you because she has asked me. I am concerned because it is concerning her and I am not sure what direction to point her in that would be most helpful.

TonyGentilcore Hi Elle Im an f2m seeking a woman to chill with As someone who trains a lot of teenage girls, like any "newbie" she needs to start with the basics.

Squat pattern, hip hinge pattern deadliftpush-ups, single leg work, core stablity, etc.

I think starting with a 3x per week, FULL-body routine with some traditional cardio "peppered" into the mix would be a nice start. Far too often people and especially females gravitate towards ONLY doing cardio to lose weight which is a very inefficient way of approaching things.

It's chock full of phenomenal information and debunks a lot of myths and fallacies with regards to female training. What worked for you, may not work for you Hope that helps. It may not be a bad idea to hire a reputable personal trainer or strength coach to help guide her, too.

If you let me know where you're located I can put out a "feeler" to my network and see if I could find you one.

Lisa Lilge Great article and great site Tony! It is clear from this post you just wrote that you think it is a great newbie program as everything you mention is included in the program in this book and you also recommend the book. However the way you shared it under that title gave the impression you were recommending it only for Clifton girls escort "rules" and not the program.

It's Plymouth dells swingers great book and program. There is a rapidly growing facebook group Herne girls nude to it with over 4, members which says something about how popular it is even 7 years after it came out.

I too highly recommend it especially to those new to lifting. Thanks again for this article and everything you share here. Sara York This is a fantastic article. In the last year and 9 months I've gained 25 pounds of muscle and have never looked better.

TonyGentilcore Right on! Hilary Amazing article. Thank you so much for this. She hit the nail on the head with every point. This was all I needed to finally take the plunge and learn how to power lift! Thanks, TG! TonyGentilcore THis made my day.

Anytime I can help convince a woman to start lifting heavy things is a win in my book. Even if you don't go with that and decide to go on your own, keep me posted. I'd love to hear about your progress!

I am concerned because it is concerning her and I am not sure what direction to point her in that would be most helpful. Sophia Tripp Ok well now I feel bad. I'm used ro dealing with overbearing parents but that's obviously not the case here.

I would recommend having her read my article on dieting, huffpost. And then either have her follow one of the training plans Tony recommend in the addendum of this post. Women need to get on board with this first and start respecting each other's choices. Whatever they may be.

When women are united in mutual respect and encourage each other to reach their goals. Tom H Interestingly the unwanted advice runs both ways; as a man I'm constantly told 'don't get too muscular' or 'you're looking skinny'.

As humans we are predisposed or conditioned into having a sense of what we and others 'should' look like and many seem incapable of keeping this information to themselves. People are 'concerned' that others are dangerously thin, fat or even muscular.

I guess that in an ideal world we would allow others to do as they see fit… unless it does actually become dangerous.

TonyGentilcore I've noticed this on my end too. I've had people comment "you're getting too big," or "looking lean dude! For the most part I don't feel people have ill intentions when they say things like that, but you're right: it can go both ways.

Stash On this note it irks me in particular when, as a man, I am told that I don't have to cope with other people's perceptions of how I should look or what shape my body should be.

It's portrayed strictly as a problem faced by women. From my personal experience it's incredibly commonplace for women in particular to pass comment, pull disgusted faces and embark upon derisory conversations and air their opinions of you as if you're not there if it's discovered that you have hair on your back.

It's not that I have a particular axe to grind about my own bugbears but I find it offensive that body image is something that is so often explained as a problem faced by women and foisted upon them by men.

Anyone falling on the wrong side of popular body image faces problems whether they are male or female and whichever gender you are we would all do well to remember that the problem is universal. Sophia Tripp Hi Stash, I Attached male for muscular female amateur women fun agree that body image problems are something that doesn't discriminate among genders.

However, I wanted to point out that for the most part my language in the post was mostly gender-neutral as well.

MINI REVIEW article

I did this deliberately, because I know that women and men are equally guilty of telling women to not "bulk up". So I definitely don't think that I explained this as a problem "foisted upon women by men", or that men are to blame.

I also think it's easy to fall into the trap of "women versus men", as if we are opposing sides at war, whenever reading an article about issues that women face.

I heavily drew upon personal experience when writing this, and unfortunately, my personal experience doesn't include being a man, so I didn't feel like I could authoritatively cover men's body image as well as women's.

Handgrip Strength as a Darwinian Fitness Indicator in Men - PMC

The one nit I would pick is the idea that men discourage women from lifting or being strong to keep them obedient. It sort of helps set up an "us against them" idea that is psychological satisfying, but I don't think rings true.

Of course some individuals want to control the opposite sex, but as a rule I don't think it's that nefarious or sophisticated. My own read is that men in particular want women to be physically appealing to them, as if women's most important role on earth was to please men.

And very, very often women try hard to meet those expectations, whether it's thin or "bootylicious" or "ripped", or even how they dress. It's probably a deeply seated, natural human instinct but one that we need to guard against allowing to dictate how women should dress or train or diet.

That's why it's Herne girls nude important for women like Sophia to encourage women to become what they want to be rather than what they think others expect them to. Phedre Quit whining. Charles Zuckerman Just re-posted this article on face book with the following intro.

Strong Man VS Muscle Woman in Ab Wrestling

An interesting read and one which I mostly agree with. The one element that is overlooked is that, at least from my perspective, a woman who is healthy, self confident, and proud of who she is, will be attractive.

Looks are not a goal, but a byproduct of achieving these other more inwardly focused goals. It also provides the platform we need to achieve all our other professional, familial and personal goals.

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Omardaslayer It's not about being attractive. No one needs your approval. Charles Zuckerman I may not have been clear but I wasn't intending to imply that anyone needs anyone else's approval.

What I was trying to say was that attractiveness - male or female comes from within and is actually a byproduct of healthy self respect.

Being healthy, happy and confident are the basis of attractiveness - not necessarily a prescribed body type or form.

I am a woman. I like to be attractive. I like makeup. I'm also intelligent want to see my doctorate? I am not basing my self esteem on it, but does it make me smile to hear someone say I look nice or hear Manhattan sexy models husband say I look hot?

You better believe it. It doesn't have to be all or nothing. Lauri Bernard Thank you so much. You are singing my song. I competed in an amateur body building contest 5 years ago. Even now people are either "Oh you have let yourself go" or worse "You do not want to get any bigger". It was 4 long years to build up Gillingham girl kik usernames muscle.

Therefore I am in no way "shape" or form going to stop bucking the social confines for what is healthy and happy for women. Those that are going to try to hold me down with their comments need to remember the phrase Scott First I'll admit I did not read this entire post.

If a woman wants to get bulked up and ripped, I say good for her. I respect that. I admire it. I think it is fantastic. I believe it is healthy and smart.

I am also not attracted to it. I'm sorry, I'm just not. I am equally as Plymouth dells swingers to women who are super-skinny. I believe that the media is incredibly unhealthy, depicting an unrealistic "perfect body".

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I am not sure what "perfect" really is. I am not sure that there is a "perfect". All that said, women should strive to be who they want to be.

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And while I imagine it is hard, try to ignore what they see on TV. Just be them. No matter what the body-type there are men out there who are attracted to it. Women who are comfortable with who they are, or are striving to be what they personally want to be makes them the most attractive.

Dana Fredsti Scott, one of the points made in the article is that it's a fallacy that all women who do heavy lifting are going get bulked up and "ripped. So while I applaud your sentiments in the last two paragraphs of your comment, I would urge you to read the entire article and help dispel the whole 'if you lift more than five pounds, you're gonna get all big and hulky and eeeuww, not sexy!

Omardaslayer Read the article. It answers a lot of these points. It's even harder for women. There are bodies. It's that simple, and they don't need you or me to comment on them. Just read it.

Sophia Tripp Do you also participate in movie discussion forums without watching the entire movie first? Pam S. Love the article It will take a long time to reverse the effect of that mindset I have done weight training Attached male for muscular female amateur women fun the past because it made me feel good.

My daughter likes to defy gravity and lift big. Great Im proud of her. But personally I ran into several problems. At the Royale massage ludwigshafen am rhein germany I was lifting, I liked to use machines but found that machines were far more dangerous to my health because they were deed for larger frames men than mine.

Im just 5 ft tall. The spacing, the position of the pivots etc, put far too much stress on my ts. Im hoping that this has improved for the younger generation of strong women. I eventually also gave up with joy I might add the wearing of makeup because it made my skin unhealthy. I think this is a major factor behind my not looking I also do not wear shoes that are very uncomfortable such as high heels or pointy toes My intent was not to buck the norm, tho I believe it did.

My point in saying this is that we still do a lot of things that are connected to those historical societies and the treatment of women.

Ive never been one in the mainstream and ultimately Gillingham girl kik usernames to see myself as very independent and a moderate feminist because people have a need to attach labels on the people they encounter.

I really wish I had encountered other stong women at the time I was lifting but I didnt.

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I wish I had encountered a trainer that didnt treat me as he would a man. But I didnt. So keep up the good work and spreading the word that strong women are beautiful and bold, healthy, and a whole lot of other adjectives Sorry guys, you also have your own set of deamons to deal with The psychological implications of the damning of women trying to be strong for the sake of strength are huge.

It was a great article Fuck buddy maybe more later here in morganfield ky you provided great information and opinions. You seem to have everything together and it also seems like you have a healthy view upon the subject.

Great article! I need to refer this to some of my friends. Marilyn Wright Oddly enough I started weight training invery few people have suggested I watch getting overly muscular. I have had people, men and women, stop to watch my workout because of the muscular definition.

Admiration is one of the best compliments you can give to someone willing to work for what they want. Weightlifting women are working for what they want; strength, capability, independence and the endorphins.

Marilyn Wright oops, now that I've read the comments by others, I think I completely missed the point of the article. I thought we were talking about weightlifting. Everyone else is talking about being physically appealing. If you want to appeal to others, you might consider self-improvement articles.

If you want to feel good mentally think an oxygenated brain and endorphins and physically think about a good sweat that comes with working hardthen let's talk workouts.

Delayed ankle muscle reaction time in female amateur footballers after the first 15 min of a simulated prolonged football protocol - PMC

As a single mom, I needed the strength to fix things around the house, move furniture and carry large children they were both larger Massage south hill st julians me by the time they were That is what kept me working out through my 20's, 30's and 40's.

All the workouts pay off in dividends when you are older due to muscle tone. You recover faster from surgeries.

Low bodyfat helps doctors do their job because there is less Massage parlor staines ms to wade through getting to their surgical objective.

I have had several doctors comment on how much low body fat helps them do a better job. Weightlifting and moderate weight is just common sense for both men and women. TonyGentilcore No, you were original thought was correct. I just feel some people missed the point themselves and decided to take things in another direction.

Michael "Women who lift weights have already eschewed social norms by touching iron in the first place, and I guarantee they give negative fucks about your opinions on their bodies.

Kate Bachus No. Caring about what other people think about my body is not at all the same thing as being irritated as fuark that society thinks it has to chime in. When you come to my house and say "geez, why don't you pick up the place? I'm going to be annoyed Attached male for muscular female amateur women fun your rudeness, not taking to heart that my house is a mess.

Two entirely different things. Sexism wouldn't stop existing if I failed to be pissed off by it. Craig I agree Women looking sex silver point everything you say up to the point where you say that men are never told to change themselves physically.

As a thin guy myself I can't tell you how many times I've been told to "put meat on your bones" or "you look like a pole" and similar comments. In a world where a guy is often judged by how muscular he is, this still affects me to this day. Specifically my self esteem has suffered, causing me to feel inadequate and often useless.

I hate when women make claims that men have it easy like being a male is a walk in the park.

I understand women have issues as well, I'm not denying that or belittling any of your problems, but trying to say that men don't have any either is just ridiculous.

Sophia Tripp Hi Craig. I just wanted to clarify, I was definitely not arguing that men don't face body criticism, or that it's not equally hurtful for men, or that men have it easier.

And it's not a competition over who has it worse! However, I think that maybe you were quick to flare up, as all I wrote "men, for the most part, do not have to entertain this type of 'well-intentioned' advice" the phrase "for the most part" was included deliberately.

I Oral fun my hotel truly sorry that other people's comments have affected your self-esteem negatively, but I think that that puts us in total agreement!

You know exactly where I'm coming from when I say that it's inappropriate, meddlesome, and hurtful to tell people what to do with their bodies.

A last note - obviously I am not a man so I don't know what kind of commentary men get, and to what frequency it occurs. I originally took inspiration to write about respect for female body autonomy after reading this article about women who feel like they can't eat in public without inviting unwanted comments.

Once again, I don't know if this is something that men deal with too, but I recommend you read it too! We struggle with potential clients coming in with these concerns!! I will be using this post the help educate and train people on the Facts.

Retroman Gotta say, I really enjoyed reading this. I am a little confused, though, because at one point she writes that she could of benefited from someone telling her not to get too thin, yet later on writes that women shouldn't be told what to do with their bodies, and that includes skinny women.

Stephanie Rivera Thank you! Your words are spot on! David Stegbauer Well said. Lots of Love!

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Sophia Tripp there's nothing wrong with liking cardio! MCM I can certainly relate to this article, as I heard this many times myself. A couple other things I'd like to add I have seen many women who in my opinion, are "too muscular" and have lost a "feminine look" due to their Utah adult personals training.

However, women who train to the point of being "too muscular" worked very hard and very long to look like that. In other words, they WANT to look like that. It didn't just happen because they accidentally lifted too heavy a weight.

Who am I or we to judge otherwise. I have to disagree with the statistics about politicians regulating men and women's bodies. The legislation to change the size of people's bodies has been gender neutral.

To address childhood obesity, the school lunch program has been overhauled, and applies to both male and female students, not just female. Legislation CA to stop fast food restaurants from putting toys in their kids meals applies to both male and female children, not just female.

Also, the sugary drink tax NY tried to implement apples to all NY residents, not just female. Attempts have been made to change the size of people's bodies, but the legislation is in attempt to improve the health of residents, not necessarily to Plymouth dells swingers their aesthetics.

Reproductive rights, well that is a completely different topic that doesn't pertain to this issue regarding weight training. Lokui Veli Wow this deserves a standing ovation, one Vin dicarlo pandoras box review the best articles I've ever read!

Emily Robinson I love this article. This article Clifton girls escort been cited by other articles in PMC.

Abstract Handgrip strength HGS is a robust measure of overall muscular strength and function, and has long been predictive of a multitude of health factors and physical outcomes for both men and women.

Keywords: handgrip strength, sexual behavior, body morphology, attractiveness, aggression.

Introduction Handgrip strength HGS is an easily obtainable and robust measure of overall muscular strength in humans Wind et al. Handgrip Strength as a Fitness Indicator in Men The marked sexual dimorphism in overall HGS, combined with the distinct genetic and developmental factors influencing men and women, suggests that during human evolutionary history specific features of upper-body muscularity were further elaborated among males through sexual selection.

Table 1 Studies specifically linking HGS to measures of inter- and intra-sexual selection in men. Open in a separate window.

FLA, facial landmark analysis. Measures of Intrasexual Selection A large of studies have examined the connection between HGS and measures of aggression and social dominance. Body Morphology Studies that have examined the connection between HGS and male-typical features of facial and body morphology have predominantly included just male participants.

Physical Attractiveness and Courtship Display Studies assessing the relationship between HGS and facial attractiveness among men have consistently revealed ificant positive correlations when rated by women Fink et al. Sexual Behavior and Reproductive Fitness While the studies referenced above support a link between male HGS and reproductive competition, measures of sexual behavior and offspring production obviously represent more direct indicators of fitness.

Concluding Remarks and Future Research The connections between HGS and overall health and vitality among both men and women have long been Attached male for muscular female amateur women fun, but only over the past decade have studies begun to identify the sex-specific relationships between HGS and measures of intra- and inter-sexual selection.

Author Contributions All authors listed have made a substantial, direct and intellectual contribution to the work, and approved it for publication. Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

References Apicella C. Upper-body strength predicts hunting reputation and reproductive success in Hadza hunter—gatherers. The relation between physical aggression, size and strength, among a sample of young Indian men.

The relation between mate value, entitlement, physical aggression, size and strength among a sample of young Indian men. Genetic influences on muscle strength, lean body mass, and bone mineral density: a twin study. Bone Miner. Voice and handgrip strength predict reproductive success in a group of indigenous African females.

PLoS One 7 : e Hand-grip dynamometry predicts future outcomes in aging adults. Strengthening exercises to improve hand strength and functionality in rheumatoid arthritis with hand deformities: a randomized, controlled trial. Objectively measured physical capability levels and mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMJ : c A brief review of handgrip strength and sport performance. Strength Cond.

About the Author

Sex difference in attractiveness perceptions of strong and weak male walkers. Hand-grip strength and sensation seeking. Male facial appearance als physical strength to women. Digit ratio and hand-grip strength in German and Mizos men: cross-cultural evidence for an organizing effect of prenatal testosterone on strength.

Body symmetry and physical strength in human males. Integrating body movement into attractiveness research. Handgrip strength and the Big Five personality factors in men and women. Cross-cultural investigation of male gait perception in relation to physical strength and speed.

Hand grip strength: a phenotype suitable for identifying genetic variants affecting mid- and late-life physical functioning. Handgrip strength and semen quality. Brief Ideas Handgrip strength and socially dominant behavior in male adolescents.

Handgrip strength predicts sexual behavior, body morphology, and aggression in male college students. Physiological factors Clifton girls escort middleweight boxing performance.

Sports Med. Grandmothering, menopause, and the evolution of human life histories.

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Perception of strength from 3D faces is linked to facial cues of physique. Handgrip strength testing: a review of the literature. Can vitamin D deficiency influence muscle performance in post-menopausal women?

A Clifton girls escort retrospective study.

Genetic influences on the development of grip strength in adolescence. Aggressive-antisocial boys develop into physically strong young men. Dance in anthropological perspective.

The role of muscle loss in the age-related decline of grip strength: cross-sectional and longitudinal perspectives. Hand Plymouth dells swingers strength in the adult Malaysian population.

Skeletal site-dependent expression of the androgen receptor in human osteoblastic cell populations. Tissue Int. Costs and benefits of fat-free muscle mass in men: relationship to Prostitute hire cardiff success.

The origins of extraversion: t effects of facultative calibration and genetic polymorphism. Grip and pinch strength: normative data for adults. Male body movements as possible cues to physical strength: a biomechanical analysis.

Fighting ability influences mate value in late adolescent men. Physical strength, fighting ability, and aggressiveness in adolescents. Hand grip strength: outcome predictor and marker of nutritional status.

Exogenous testosterone T alone or with finasteride increases physical performance, Attached male for muscular female amateur women fun strength, and lean body mass in older men with low serum T.

Midlife hand grip strength as a predictor of old age disability. JAMA — Digit ratio 2D:4Dtestosterone, cortisol, aggression, personality and hand-grip strength: evidence for prenatal effects on strength. Early Hum. Is grip strength associated with health-related quality of life?

Findings from the Hertfordshire Cohort Study. Age Ageing 35 — Female choice and extra-pair paternity in a traditional human population.

Human adaptations for the visual assessment of strength and fighting ability from the body and face. B — Thus, exaggerated heterosexual femininity is the norm in Bikini competitions. We must remember that Tajrobehkar is a Bikini class bodybuilder herself and thus, has first-hand experience of the competitions.

What did her fellow Bikini contestants think of the body shape required in these competitions?

Muscle in general is fantastic. They immediately explained, though, that muscle needs to add to the femininity of a woman.

The Bikini contestants, thus, viewed muscle as positive as long as it added to the sex appeal that was the selling point of the competitions.

Indeed, femininity and beauty are openly included as judging components the bikini walk does not involve any overt demonstration of muscularity and, the participants acknowledged, the Bikini competitions focus more on feminine beauty than physical fitness.

As one participant explained:. Based on these findings, women bodybuilders in the Physique, Figure, and Bikini felt positive about their newly built body shapes.

An Open Letter to Everyone Who Has Told Women "Don't Get Too Muscular"

They all celebrated their muscular, but also very thin bodies. Some were willing to deviate from the societal norms of the acceptable, toned feminine body more than others. The bodybuilding women live in both cultures and thus, continually negotiate their muscular development accordingly.

And those are the biggest …where is the sport? The IFBB is openly following this trend as it states that high-intensity weight training and hard lean muscles are not necessary for the Bikini category that, instead, requires an attractive appearance similar to models.

On the contrary, the sport has evolved to include with less and less muscle definition. Baghurst, Parish, and Denny add that Physique, Fitness, and Bikini are now popular whereas Bodybuilding is in decline. Aspridis, A. Female bodybuilding: Perceived social and psychological effects of participating in the Figure class.

Baghurst, T. Why women become competitive amateur bodybuilders. Women in Sport and Physical Activity Journal, 11, Grogan, S. Femininity Clifton girls escort muscularity: s of seven women body builders.

Journal of Gender Studies, 13 1 Knapp, B. Women in Sport and Physical Activity Journal, 23, Tajrobehkar, B. Sociology of Sport Journal, 22, Pirkko Markula, Ph.